Using the OIC Framework¶
Apache Mynewt includes support for the OIC interoperability standard
oicmgr framework. Mynewt defines and exposes oicmgr as
an OIC Server resource with the following identity and properties:
oic.if_rw (default), oic.if.baseline
The newtmgr application tool uses CoAP (Constrained ApplicationProtocol) requests to send commands to oicmgr. It sends a CoAP request for /omgr as follows:
- Specifies the newtmgr command to execute in the URI query string.
- Initially the GET method was used for newtmgr commands that retreive information from
your application, for example, the
mpstatcommands. Now it uses the PUT operation as described below..
- Uses a PUT method for newtmgr commands that send data to or modify
the state of your application, for example, the
- Sends the CBOR-encoded command request data in the CoAP message payload.
oicmgr framework supports transport over BLE, serial, and IP
connections to the device.
NewtMgr Protocol Specifics¶
- The NMP op is indicated by the OIC op. The OIC op is always the same: put.
- There are no URI Query CoAP options.
- The NMP header is included in the payload as a key-value pair (key=”_h”). This pair is in the root map of the request and is a sibling of the other request fields. The value of this pair is the big-endian eight-byte NMP header with a length field of 0.
- As with requests, the NMP header is included in the payload as a key-value pair (key=”_h”).
- There is no “r” or “w” field. The response fields are inserted into the root map as a sibling of the “_h” pair.
- Errors encountered during processing of NMP requests are reported identically to other NMP responses (embedded NMP response).
Keys that start with an underscore are reserved to the OIC manager protocol (e.g., “_h”). NMP requests and responses must not name any of their fields with a leading underscore.